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2D Digital Mammography
Digital Mammography complements other diagnostic services that aid in the early detection of breast cancer. This revolutionary imaging technology provides incredibly sharp images.
Digital Mammography uses a special detector to capture and convert x-ray energy into a digital image. The radiologist can view and manipulate the digital images on high resolution computer monitors that enhance visualization of the structures within the breast tissue. They can also adjust the brightness and contrast as well as zoom in on specific areas of interest to help detect small calcifications, masses, and other changes that may be early signs of cancer.
To supplement this technology, Phelps has incorporated digital Computer Aided Detection (CAD). This software flags abnormalities to help the radiologist detect early signs of breast cancer. In essence, CAD is a second set of eyes to support and enhance the radiologist’s diagnosis.
While digital mammography is still one of the most advanced technologies available today, it is only a 2-dimensional picture of the breast. The breast is a 3-dimensional object composed of different structures, such as blood vessels, milk ducts, fat, and ligaments. 3D mammography (also known as breast tomosynthesis) is a new technology that uses computer technology to convert digital breast images into a stack of very thin layers or “slices”– building what is essentially a “3-dimensional mammogram” that allows doctors to examine your breast tissue one layer at a time.
Supplementing your regular 2D screening mammogram with 3D mammography requires additional exposure to radiation however a very low dose of radiation is used for both 3D and 2D images, so your total dose, although higher than a 2D mammogram is still below the FDA breast imaging guidelines. Using 2D mammography together with 3D mammography for screening exams has been shown to increase sensitivity in detecting cancer by up to 40% and to significantly reduce the need to return for additional views by 20-40%.
Currently 3D Mammography is only covered by some insurance companies. However, if your insurance does not cover this exam we offer it to screening patients for an out of pocket cost.
If you have any questions or to learn more about this advanced imaging technique please call one of our Breast Imaging locations in Sleepy Hollow, Croton or Dobbs Ferry.
Breast Ultrasound is a safe and painless, noninvasive diagnostic exam that uses sound waves to produce images of the breast, which are used to assess breast tissue. Ultrasound may also be used to assess blood flow to areas inside the breasts. The examination is often used along with mammography.
Bone Densitometry is the leading diagnostic tool for osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of the bone tissue, which leads to an increased fracture risk. The Bone Mineral Density test is simple, quick and painless.
Ultrasound imaging, which is also referred to as sonography, obtains images of the human body through the use of high-frequency sound waves. The sound waves are reflected and absorbed to varying degrees depending upon the types of tissue through which they pass. The reflected sound waves are used to produce imaging on a monitor. Ultrasound can be used to examine nearly every part of the body. Since the images are generated in real time, they can be used to show the structure and movements of internal organs, muscles, and other structures. Ultrasound Imaging even enables the radiologist to see blood flowing through vessels in the body. Breast Ultrasound is also offered to our patients.
Phelps offers state-of-the-art digital x-ray services. The use of digital x-ray has replaced traditional x-ray methods for several key reasons. The advantages of digital x-ray include reduced exam times, reduced patient exposure to radiation and the ability to digitally transfer and enhance images.